Skip to main content

Hernia (Abdominal)


Hernia is a condition that develop due to a spot weakness in a muscle, through which an organ or tissue squeezes through. The most common types of hernia are the inguinal hernia, incisional hernia, Femoral hernia, and Umbilical hernia. Inguinal hernia accounts for about 80% of all hernias. In this case, the intestine or bladder protrudes through the abdominal wall into the groin. In an incisional hernia, the intestine pushes through the abdominal wall at the site of a previous surgery over the abdomen. The femoral hernia is more common in women, especially those who are pregnant and obese. It occurs when the bladder or intestines enter the canal carrying the femoral artery to the upper thigh. Umbilical hernia is common in newborn babies and women who have had many children. Here, the small intestine passes through the abdomen wall near the navel. Hernia is mainly caused by muscle weakness and strain. Poor nutrition, over-exertion, smoking, obesity are factors which cause weakness in the muscles. Lifting heavy objects may also precipitate a hernia, especially when these factors are already present. Other causes include constipation, pregnancy, and persistent coughing.

Symptoms
Hernia prompts an obvious swelling beneath the skin either in the abdomen or on the groin. Initially, it disappears on lying down. Later, the swelling starts to increase on coughing but can still be pushed back. After a while, even this becomes impossible as the swelling begins to show visibly. Usually, hernia is not a painful condition. But if there is a pain then it points to an obstruction or infection.

Do’s and Don’ts
If you experience any of the above symptoms, you should consult your doctor for diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Alternative therapies cannot cure hernia. At best they can just relieve the discomfort that it causes. For prevention purposes, doing gentle exercises, like the one mentioned below on a regular basis will help, as it strengthens your abdominal muscles. Lie on your back with knees bent and feet on the floor. Keeping your shoulders on the floor lift your buttocks and back and then gently lower them. Repeat this exercise 10 times every day. Eating a good, nutritious diet helps to avoid constipation and enhance muscle strength. Avoid lifting heavy objects, and if you do have to lift, bend from the knees and not from the waist. During pregnancy, gentle exercises are important to maintain the tone of the muscles. It is advisable to continue mild exercises even after delivery, albeit under medical guidance. In case of a persistent cough, you should consult your doctor. Also, your smoking habit should be done away with.

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Diabetes

Diabetes is an extremely frequent, and probably among the most familiar of disorders. It is a metabolic disorder in which there is an increase in the level of blood glucose and/or an excessive excretion of glucose in the urine. It is caused by a decreased or deficient supply of Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas whose main role is to keep tabs on the levels of glucose in the blood.
Diabetes can be of two types: Type I and Type II. Type I diabetes, also known as Insulin Dependent Diabetes, is caused by the shortage of insulin. Type II diabetes, also known as Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes, is caused by the body's inability to process insulin. Juvenile Diabetes is a Type 1 Diabetes which would be present in some persons since birth. The intensity of diabetes is known by measuring the glucose levels in blood and/or urine. Normal glucose levels, when checked before meals (Fasting Blood Sugar – FBS), ranges from 80-110, while for a post-meals check-up (Random Blood Sugar – RBS)…

Frozen Shoulder

It is a restriction of shoulder motion and movement in all directions. It is either due to an inflammation of tendons that move the shoulder joint or due to the fibrous capsule of the joint. Sometimes a swelling of the soft sac that cushions the joint can also lead to this condition. It is caused mainly by prolonged immobilization, common with people doing sedentary work, without much exercise or activity, as also with people in their old age. Another major cause is diabetes.
Symptoms It restricts the motion of one’s shoulder and there would be considerable difficulty in shoulder movements in any directions. Routine stuff like reaching up to brush hair, fastening buttons or zip at back, removing the wallet from the hip pocket will be met with difficulty and stiffness that worsens over several weeks. There would also be pain and a feeling of tenderness in the shoulder. The pain and stiffness may extend to the neck and the upper arm.
Do's and Don’ts To deal with a frozen shoulder, regul…

Gallstones

Gallstones are small hard crystal-like deposits that develop in the gallbladder or in the bile ducts, that drain bile from the liver. Bile is a digestive juice which is produced by the liver and is stored in the gallbladder, a small pear-shaped organ. Bile is made up mainly of cholesterol and Bile acid. It is only when these stones get lodged in the duct and block the free passage of bile does the symptoms arise. There are three types of gallstones, viz., Cholesterol stones, Pigment stones, and Mixed stones (which has pigment and cholesterol content). It is caused mainly by an increase in blood cholesterol levels, as also the break-down of Red Blood Cells (RBCs) due to some infectious diseases like sickle cell anemia or malaria. It can also result from an infection of the gallbladder. Some risk factors which can further trigger gallstones include obesity and pre-existing liver diseases.
Symptoms Gallstones have a sudden onset. It would entail pain in the right and upper abdomen, as well…