Skip to main content


Gallstones are small hard crystal-like deposits that develop in the gallbladder or in the bile ducts, that drain bile from the liver. Bile is a digestive juice which is produced by the liver and is stored in the gallbladder, a small pear-shaped organ. Bile is made up mainly of cholesterol and Bile acid. It is only when these stones get lodged in the duct and block the free passage of bile does the symptoms arise. There are three types of gallstones, viz., Cholesterol stones, Pigment stones, and Mixed stones (which has pigment and cholesterol content). It is caused mainly by an increase in blood cholesterol levels, as also the break-down of Red Blood Cells (RBCs) due to some infectious diseases like sickle cell anemia or malaria. It can also result from an infection of the gallbladder. Some risk factors which can further trigger gallstones include obesity and pre-existing liver diseases.

Gallstones have a sudden onset. It would entail pain in the right and upper abdomen, as well as nausea and vomiting. Fever, a loss of appetite, darkening of urine, light-colored stools, and jaundice are other symptoms. Also, the pain caused by gallstones is usually not relieved by antacids.

Do’s and Don’ts
First of all, you should control and maintain your optimal weight. If you are obese, dieting and regular exercise will help you to slim down. A low-fat diet, with fewer animal fats and dairy products such as paneer, cheese etc is advised. Take plenty of fresh vegetables and whole grains. Sunflower oil and safflower oil with their abundance of Vitamin C will help in reducing the cholesterol content of bile. Fresh lemon juice and bitter salads are especially useful, while high-fiber diets like peas, beans, and bran help in the prevention of gallstone formation. Moderate consumption of olive oil (2 teaspoons per day), also help in reduction and slowing down of gallstones formation. Another substance helpful in preventing gallstone formation is lecithin, which is used as a thickener in ice-cream. It is also found in soya beans, oatmeal, eggs, milk, peanuts, cabbage, and chocolates. Since gallstones are only one of the many possible causes of severe abdominal pain, consult your doctor to find out the cause of the pain. Meet the doctor also if the pain persists or if jaundice is noticed.


Popular posts from this blog


Diabetes is an extremely frequent, and probably among the most familiar of disorders. It is a metabolic disorder in which there is an increase in the level of blood glucose and/or an excessive excretion of glucose in the urine. It is caused by a decreased or deficient supply of Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas whose main role is to keep tabs on the levels of glucose in the blood.
Diabetes can be of two types: Type I and Type II. Type I diabetes, also known as Insulin Dependent Diabetes, is caused by the shortage of insulin. Type II diabetes, also known as Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes, is caused by the body's inability to process insulin. Juvenile Diabetes is a Type 1 Diabetes which would be present in some persons since birth. The intensity of diabetes is known by measuring the glucose levels in blood and/or urine. Normal glucose levels, when checked before meals (Fasting Blood Sugar – FBS), ranges from 80-110, while for a post-meals check-up (Random Blood Sugar – RBS)…

Frozen Shoulder

It is a restriction of shoulder motion and movement in all directions. It is either due to an inflammation of tendons that move the shoulder joint or due to the fibrous capsule of the joint. Sometimes a swelling of the soft sac that cushions the joint can also lead to this condition. It is caused mainly by prolonged immobilization, common with people doing sedentary work, without much exercise or activity, as also with people in their old age. Another major cause is diabetes.
Symptoms It restricts the motion of one’s shoulder and there would be considerable difficulty in shoulder movements in any directions. Routine stuff like reaching up to brush hair, fastening buttons or zip at back, removing the wallet from the hip pocket will be met with difficulty and stiffness that worsens over several weeks. There would also be pain and a feeling of tenderness in the shoulder. The pain and stiffness may extend to the neck and the upper arm.
Do's and Don’ts To deal with a frozen shoulder, regul…