Skip to main content

Gallstones


Gallstones are small hard crystal-like deposits that develop in the gallbladder or in the bile ducts, that drain bile from the liver. Bile is a digestive juice which is produced by the liver and is stored in the gallbladder, a small pear-shaped organ. Bile is made up mainly of cholesterol and Bile acid. It is only when these stones get lodged in the duct and block the free passage of bile does the symptoms arise. There are three types of gallstones, viz., Cholesterol stones, Pigment stones, and Mixed stones (which has pigment and cholesterol content). It is caused mainly by an increase in blood cholesterol levels, as also the break-down of Red Blood Cells (RBCs) due to some infectious diseases like sickle cell anemia or malaria. It can also result from an infection of the gallbladder. Some risk factors which can further trigger gallstones include obesity and pre-existing liver diseases.

Symptoms
Gallstones have a sudden onset. It would entail pain in the right and upper abdomen, as well as nausea and vomiting. Fever, a loss of appetite, darkening of urine, light-colored stools, and jaundice are other symptoms. Also, the pain caused by gallstones is usually not relieved by antacids.

Do’s and Don’ts
First of all, you should control and maintain your optimal weight. If you are obese, dieting and regular exercise will help you to slim down. A low-fat diet, with fewer animal fats and dairy products such as paneer, cheese etc is advised. Take plenty of fresh vegetables and whole grains. Sunflower oil and safflower oil with their abundance of Vitamin C will help in reducing the cholesterol content of bile. Fresh lemon juice and bitter salads are especially useful, while high-fiber diets like peas, beans, and bran help in the prevention of gallstone formation. Moderate consumption of olive oil (2 teaspoons per day), also help in reduction and slowing down of gallstones formation. Another substance helpful in preventing gallstone formation is lecithin, which is used as a thickener in ice-cream. It is also found in soya beans, oatmeal, eggs, milk, peanuts, cabbage, and chocolates. Since gallstones are only one of the many possible causes of severe abdominal pain, consult your doctor to find out the cause of the pain. Meet the doctor also if the pain persists or if jaundice is noticed.

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Diabetes

Diabetes is an extremely frequent, and probably among the most familiar of disorders. It is a metabolic disorder in which there is an increase in the level of blood glucose and/or an excessive excretion of glucose in the urine. It is caused by a decreased or deficient supply of Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas whose main role is to keep tabs on the levels of glucose in the blood.
Diabetes can be of two types: Type I and Type II. Type I diabetes, also known as Insulin Dependent Diabetes, is caused by the shortage of insulin. Type II diabetes, also known as Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes, is caused by the body's inability to process insulin. Juvenile Diabetes is a Type 1 Diabetes which would be present in some persons since birth. The intensity of diabetes is known by measuring the glucose levels in blood and/or urine. Normal glucose levels, when checked before meals (Fasting Blood Sugar – FBS), ranges from 80-110, while for a post-meals check-up (Random Blood Sugar – RBS)…

Dandruff

Dandruff is perhaps the most common skin disease one can see around. It is basically dry white flakes of skin on your scalp. Although it is not at all a health risk, it can be a source of embarrassment in public as well as private settings. Some people erroneously think that dandruff is caused by bad hygiene, while some others, (wrongly, yet again) believe that it results from washing one’s hair often. It is usually just that people having dandruff shed more skin than other people who do not have dandruff. However, some dermatologists also suggest that it is caused by a yeast fungus that is believed to breed in a combination of sebaceous oil and dead skin cells. Some possible trigger factors for dandruff include a family history of dandruff, excessive sweating of the scalp, excessive mental and physical stress, the use of alkaline soaps, cold and dry winter seasons, psoriasis of the scalp, and seborrheic dermatitis.

Symptoms

Dandruff causes flakes of skin, which may be small and white…

Hernia (Abdominal)

Hernia is a condition that develop due to a spot weakness in a muscle, through which an organ or tissue squeezes through. The most common types of hernia are the inguinal hernia, incisional hernia, Femoral hernia, and Umbilical hernia. Inguinal hernia accounts for about 80% of all hernias. In this case, the intestine or bladder protrudes through the abdominal wall into the groin. In an incisional hernia, the intestine pushes through the abdominal wall at the site of a previous surgery over the abdomen. The femoral hernia is more common in women, especially those who are pregnant and obese. It occurs when the bladder or intestines enter the canal carrying the femoral artery to the upper thigh. Umbilical hernia is common in newborn babies and women who have had many children. Here, the small intestine passes through the abdomen wall near the navel. Hernia is mainly caused by muscle weakness and strain. Poor nutrition, over-exertion, smoking, obesity are factors which cause weakness in t…